Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Advantages to a Rigorous Approach to Environmental Virtue Ethics Essay Example For Students

Points of interest to a Rigorous Approach to Environmental Virtue Ethics Essay A decent moral hypothesis requires both legitimate meticulousness and instinctive intrigue to give a successful apparatus to understanding what is correct and what's going on. In the field of ecological morals, there has been critical grant in building up an obligation morals dependent on the innate estimation of nature, most quite by Paul Taylor. Taylor in reality gives a legitimately clear contention to securing nature by expanding on the standards he calls the biocentric standpoint (Taylor, 99). While this grant has been useful in offering a clarification for what the individuals who esteem nature naturally perceive, some have seen that it doesn't give positive responses to how we should live (Cafaro, 31). Goodness ethicists, then again, have explicitly tended to this inquiry (Sandler, 6), and the outcome is a truly available hypothesis that looks back to the exemplary naturalists like Thoreau (Cafaro). Ecological ethicalness morals has its own issues, in any case; now and then appears that excellence ethicists are esteeming human â€Å"flourishing† or â€Å"experiences of wonder† before the common habitat they’re professing to maintain (Rolston, 70). This paper endeavors to give a structure to tending to this investigate of ecological ideals morals by characterizing the impediments of regularizing moral frameworks and delineating rules for natural excellencies just as a portion of the preferences an arrangement of ethicalness morals has over other moral methodologies. Moral Systems So as to examine an arrangement of ecological uprightness morals, it is important to figure out what we mean when we talk about a moral framework. Morals is a â€Å"branch of theory worried about the idea of extreme worth and the norms by which human activities can be made a decision about right or wrong.† (Britan. . ?dia Britannica. 2007. Encyclop?dia Britannica Online. 9 Apr. 2007 com/eb/article-9106054>. Holmes Rolston III, â€Å"Environmental Virtue Ethics: Half the Truth, however Dangerous as a Whole†, Environmental Virtue Ethics, pp. 61-78 (Rowman Littlefield Publishers, 2005) Ronald Sandler, â€Å"Introduction: Environmental Virtue Ethics†, Environmental Virtue Ethics, pp. 1-12 (Rowman Littlefield Publishers, 2005) Ronald Sandler, â€Å"A Virtue Ethics Perspective on Genetically Modified Crops†, Environmental Virtue Ethics, pp. 215-242 (Rowman Littlefield Publishers, 2005) Paul W. Taylor, Respect for Nature: A Theory of Environmental Ethics (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986) Subside Wenz, â€Å"Synergistic Environmental Virtues: Consumerism and Human Flourishing†, Environmental Virtue Ethics, pp. 197-213, (Rowman Littlefield Publishers, 2005)

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Family Related Issues Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Family Related Issues - Assignment Example Branch of Labor, 2010). Intelligently, if a loco parentis is a reasonably related individual to the representative to meet all requirements for care under the FMLA, at that point an organic dad, paying little heed to the quality or amount of his child rearing, qualifies. Legitimately, the law assigns â€Å"biological† parent, however that raises a fascinating predicament: shouldn't something be said about a natural parent who surrendered his/her youngster for selection? As of late, many embraced kids have discovered their natural guardians, or the other way around. Does the parent who surrendered his/her privileges as the child’s parent qualify as a parent under the FMLA? Taking the law actually, s/he does in light of the fact that s/he is the natural parent. In any case, an appointed authority may not decipher the actual intent of the law in that manner. The admonition for such dubious connections among worker and parent is the way that the representative must record h is/her relationship with the parent before taking family leave. In a similar passage of the FMLA that characterizes the connections qualified for family leave, segment j, titled â€Å"Documenting relationships,† it says, â€Å"For motivations behind affirmation of family relationship, the business may require the representative pulling out of the requirement for leave to give sensible documentation or proclamation of family relationship. This documentation may appear as a basic articulation from the representative, or a youngster's introduction to the world testament, a court document, etc. The manager is qualified for analyze documentation, for example, a birth certificate,â etc.† (U.S. Branch of Labor, 2010). It appears as though the business could request a type of ridiculous documentation of the qualification of parent or worker to fit the bill for the family leave particularly if time was an issue (i.e., the parent was kicking the bucket), so if a business ne eded to keep a representative from taking family leave, s/he could be in consistence with the law, however only irrational about the confirmation of the option to do as such. That would likely dishearten most representatives from endeavoring to take family leave. 2. Clarify whether the size of the business can have any impact on whether Tony is qualified for family leave under the FMLA. The size of a business does make a difference. In the video, â€Å"Family Related Issues: Family and Medical Leave Act,† because of Tony, the employee’s verbal solicitation for leave, Herman, the chief, answers, â€Å"That's impossible. This is an independent company. Everybody is crucial.†Ã‚ Tony answers, â€Å"Small? You have in excess of fifty workers, on the off chance that you tally everyone.† Herman counters with â€Å"Not full-time employees.† In Herman’s mind permitting Tony three weeks for family leave would make him lose cash. He has recently app lauded Tony for being the top sales rep (Family and Medical Leave Act, 2004). In any case, Herman isn't right. Not all businesses are required by government law to permit family leave, however those with at least 50 workers are. Section 825.105 of the FMLA gives an extensive portrayal of how a business, by goodness of the quantity of workers s/he utilizes, must conform to the government law. A portion of the more clear attributes that make a business obliged to consent is the area of his/her business. That is, it must be inside the United States or

Sunday, August 16, 2020

Literary Tourism Honolulu, HI

Literary Tourism Honolulu, HI In my first memory of O‘ahu, I’m running in an open field. Makakilo, I think. I would travel to the island twice more (for state cheerleading championships and to visit my brother who landed a job in, as my dad called it, “the city”) before moving there in 2014 for nearly three blissful years. How do I begin to write about a place that I love so ferociously? And yet, the reality might be that I’m always writing about it somehow. Considering I could go on forever about Hawai‘i, a thousandish words on Honolulu barely highlights several bright stars in a place teeming with beauty. A must see, the knowledge obtained from walking through ‘Iolani Palace’s  doors will make you a better person and, likely, break your heart if the organ’s in good emotional working order. After the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy, Queen Lili‘uokalani, who penned “Aloha ?Oe (Farewell to Thee)”  and Hawaii’s Story by Hawaii’s Queen, was confined to house arrest in her royal residence following accusations of an insurrection. After regaining civil rights, she lived out her days there, advocating for Hawai‘i’s independence. The Royal Hawaiian opened its doors on February 1, 1927. If only the wide halls, build for promenading, could share all they’ve seen. Every Tuesday and Thursday at 1 p.m., the “Pink Palace of the Pacific” hosts a free historical tour, where visitors can learn what songs the band played in the Persian Room while diners slurped soup. Sip a mai tai where Joan Didion reread everything penned by George Orwell, and stayed with her husband and daughter “in lieu of filing for a divorce.” Imagine Duke Kahanamoku surfing out front.   Hawai‘i has noodle game like it has sand, and on my itinerary and in my life, the food ranks high. Once, I bought a book, Mambo in Chinatown, just because it had my choice-carb in the first sentence: “My name is Charlie Wong and I’m the daughter of a dancer and a noodle-maker.” While working at Schuler Books Music, I took home (thanks to their hardcover library) The Ramen King and I  and read it cover to cover.   In Kaimuki, Ed Kenney’s food philosophyâ€"and hand-cut noodlesâ€"make his eateries staples. Travel writer Paul Theroux dined with Anthony Bourdain at Kenney’s first restaurant, Town, in Parts Unknown. There, the travelers talk about island politics. “Did anyone ever come to an island with a good intention?” Theroux poses. There, I ordered the pasta (surprise!) with pork, beef, pancetta, porcini ragù, and parmigiano. Also, on my noodle to-do list: The Pig the Lady  and Piggy Smalls. I’ve noticed through the voyeuristic world of social media that writers, especially poets, prioritize flowers. From build-your-own bouquets to pretty pots for succulents, Paiko  in Kaka‘ako covers your needs. They also carry agriculture books, including ‘OHI: How to Gather and Arrange Hawai‘i’s Flora by the store’s founder along with photographer Mariko Reed. Since I learned that the  Honolulu Museum of Art housed three of Georgia O’Keeffe’s paintings from her time in Hawai‘i for a Dole pineapple art commission, the place took up residence on my bucket list. In anticipation of visiting, I reread Joan Didion’s O’Keeffe essay in The White Album  to savor the artist’s words: “I made you take time to look at what I saw and when you took time to really notice my flower you hung all of your associations with flowers on my flower and you write about my flower as if I think and see what you think and seeâ€"and I don’t.” Touring the property, I gazed at every piece, relishing my time, not knowing when her work would appear. I marveled over Diego Rivera’s The Flower Seller: the colors, the chip in its frame. Stuck on Frida Kahlo, I rounded the corner. Straight ahead, the three pieces hung parallel to the spot I had obsessed over the woman who wrote O’Keeffe in March of 1933. In the letter, Kahlo confessed, “I thought of you a lot and never forget your wonderful hands and the color of your eyes.” Being there felt like a daydream. Filled with gratitude, I visited the café to order rosé and toast my person, while waiting for  chilled soba noodles with fresh island mahi to arrive. One of my shopping havens, Na Mea Hawai‘i  serves as a cultural hub and is resilient AF. After Ward Warehouse (the store’s previous home)  was allocated  and, later, demolished to build condos, the store split into four locations until finding a new space at Ward Centre. Luckily, my visit coincided with their reopening. The store hosts talks, book signings, workshops, among other things.  Research additional literary events (like the  annual  Hawai‘i Book Music Festival and Wine and Words fundraiser) and work them into your plans.  Once upon I time, I attended both: the former as a presenter and the latter as a reader, and they are worth fighting traffic for. If you can’t stay forever, please take pieces of Hawai‘i home as keepsakes and share them with loved ones. Buy local books and literary journals from  Bamboo Ridge, Bess Press,  Hawai‘i Review,  Manoa: A Pacific Journal of International Writing, TinFish, and University of Hawai‘i Press. As a former editorial intern for  Manoa  and a contributor at  Hawai‘i Review  and  Bamboo Ridge, I can vouch for the love that goes into these publications. Read local  writers,  listen to local music, and watch local documentaries. Don’t forget to eat Spam musubi. Pay your respects at Pearl Harbor and Punchbowl, hike Diamond Head, paddleboard, fish. Learn Hawaiian words. Talk story with residents. Thank them for their time with a smile and Heineken. While listening to the waves, watch the sun set and rise, the sun set and rise.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Pitiful Ghost in Shakespeares Hamlet Essay - 2928 Words

The Pitiful Ghost in Hamlet In Shakespeare’s tragic drama, Hamlet, there is one character who is different from all the others. He is a supernatural being – a Ghost. His role is quite as important as anyone else’s. This essay will be devoted to an explanation of this Ghost. Maynard Mack in â€Å"The World of Hamlet† elucidates the reader on how the Ghost introduces the problem of appearance versus reality: The play begins with an appearance, an â€Å"apparition,† to use Marcellus’ term – the ghost. And the ghost is somehow real, indeed the vehicle of realities. Through its revelation, the glittering surface of Claudius’ court is pierced, and Hamlet comes to know, and we do, that the king is not only hateful to him but†¦show more content†¦A real event described at the beginning of the drama has exercised a profound influence upon the whole imagery of the play. What is later metaphor is here still reality. The picture of the leprous skin disease, which is here – in the first act – described by Hamlet’s father, has buried itself deep in Hamlet’s imagination and continues to lead its subterranean existence, as it were, until it reappears in metaphorical form (232-33). Gunnar Boklund’s â€Å"Judgment in Hamlet† introduces the Ghost in terms of the dilemma of the protagonist: It is a commonplace to refer to Hamlet’s â€Å"dilemma† and a critical problem to explain in what this dilemma consists. A natural way to come to terms with the problem is obviously through the character that forces the dilemma upon Hamlet, that is to say, the Ghost. This is a particularly attractive approach, since it promises to bring the findings of modern research into Elizabethan demonology to bear directly upon the question of the nature of the Ghost and its message. It was apparently generally believed,Show MoreRelatedLife Of Pi Character Analysis819 Words   |  4 Pagesstruggle one encounters often determines their development as a person. In society, many people face obstacles which assist shaping them as a person. Internal struggles are a catalyst to change in ones’ life. Through the use of Hamlet from William Shakespeare’s play Hamlet, and Piscine Molitor Patel from Yann Martel’s novel Life of Pi, readers are able to perceive the impac t internal hardships have on ones’ life. Firstly, the author Yann Martel faced internal struggle as he was passionate aboutRead More Indecision, Hesitation and Delay in Shakespeares Hamlet Essay1334 Words   |  6 PagesHesitation in Hamlet   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   William Shakespeares Hamlet is tragic because all of the enmity being the product of one mans inability to make decisions. I believe the play is showing the steps of hesitation a person goes through who cannot choose, and the resultant angst. This one man is Prince Hamlet. Throughout the play he comes into situations where he just cant move himself into action. In Act I, Scene 5 Hamlet has an encounter with a ghost who explains that it is Hamlets deceasedRead MoreThe Importance Of Revenge In Hamlet701 Words   |  3 Pages Shakespeares tragedy plays are based on revenge as the core, consequently, all the scenes depicting the emotion and the concern before the thought killing an enemy from the character pedal to build a string of art in Hamlets. Although, the revenge is evil however it is pitiful and sorrow when it starts with love and truth. Hamlet has a great love and a faith never collapsed for his mother. Thence, when confronted with the truth of his father died, he feels horrible and more depressed that hisRead MoreThe Success Of The Conjuring Trick1722 Words   |  7 PagesA conjuring trick is normally played between enemies or competitors. However, in Hamlet, the conjuring trick is plotted by a father in order to possess the soul of his son. The success of this conjuring trick is basically based on four elements which are the contemporary belief,the evilof the plotter, the victim’s circumstance, and the convincing evidences. Elizabethan age was the period when the tragedy of Hamlet occurred. Although, Elizabethan era was a Golden Age in English history, people inRead MoreHamlet : Sadness, Madness, Or Just Misunderstood1053 Words   |  5 PagesHamlet: Sadness, Madness, or Just Misunderstood At best, I believe that Act I, Scene II might be one of the most important parts of Hamlet. It prepares any reader with the character’s styling of Hamlet, its importance to the play, its characters, and the logical play on words to show the complexity of Shakespeare’s skills as a playwright. Though, it might be a bit of over-aggrandizing to say that the first Act and second scene could be so crucial. It set the tone of the play for many of the charactersRead MoreAbstract: Hamlet of William Shakespeare Tragedy Revenge2100 Words   |  9 PagesThesis: In the play, Hamlet, written by William Shakespeare is described as a tragedy of revenge, through psychological origins of revenge, the styles of revenge during that period and the structure of Elizabethan revenge tragedies. This article, Shakespeare and Psychoanalysis: Tragic Alternatives: Eros and Superego Revenge in Hamlet., written by Joanna Montgomery Byes focuses on the psychological origins of revenge and in what part does the socialized and/or individual superego play in creatingRead More The Tragic Tale of Ophelia and Hamlet Essay1390 Words   |  6 PagesThe Tragic Tale of Ophelia and Hamlet  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     The common problem of lack of communication has plagued couples since the beginning of time. The relationship Hamlet and Ophelia share in Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet, is no more immune to these human tendencies. Throughout the drama, many misunderstandings cloud their relationship. Unspoken problems and pressures within Ophelia’s and Hamlet’s private lives lead to overlooked, unnoticed love. For Hamlet, his bond with Ophelia pales in comparisonRead MoreHamlet s Search For Justice1294 Words   |  6 Pagesthis model of a person in searching for justice appears in Shakespeare’s novel, Hamlet. The title character, Hamlet, understands justice in terms of a noble revenge, but fails to take action, due to his weak disposition to act on his thoughts. Hamlet’s search for justice was not successful because his sense of â€Å"justice† was flawed, ultimately leading not only to his own death, but to Laertes who had a very similar mission to that of Hamlet. Hamlet’s fatal flaw leads to the question concerning whatRead MorePoisoned Love: Essay 2. Life, Love, Death, Revenge, Grief,1392 Words   |  6 Pageswell known to the writing of William Shakespeare, his play Hamlet is not an exception. In this play the reader follows a young prince Hamlet on a quest for retribution on his uncle, for the murder of his father and the incestuous affair with his mother. To exact his vengeance on his uncle, King Claudius, Hamlet put on an act of being mad to catch his uncle profess his sins, and causing it to be morally right for hamlet to kill him. Hamlet tells very few of his act, and one of those excluded from thisRead More The Relationship between Hamlet and the Bible. Essay2412 Words   |  10 PagesThe Relationship between Hamlet and the Bible.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚        Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   It may appear that anything could be twisted into a typological pattern. Such interpretations appear to suffer from the structuralist faults of skating too lightly over actual texts, ignoring details that cannot be forced into a preconceived mold, and robbing narratives of their concrete shapes through abstraction. I would stress that there is more to Shakespeare than typology, but I would also insist that typology is often an

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Child Prostitution As An Illegal Act - 2029 Words

Across the world each day, there are hundreds of cases of children unwillingly partaking in prostitution. In 2002, research by Willis and Levy stated, Child Prostitution involves offering the sexual services of a child or inducing a child to perform sexual acts for any form of compensation, financial or otherwise. (Willis Levy 2002) Children who encounter such sexual activities under the age of eighteen are considered children, and is seen as illegal. Individuals who are older than eighteen are no longer a child in the government s eyes. For the past decade, or so, the world has done their best to look at childhood prostitution as an illegal act-- shutting down facilities and speaking up for children whose voices are not always heard. Through prostitution, trafficking, and the black market of trade have been of recent concern for all parties due to the illegal acts of using, selling, and purchasing children. The new millennial has brought forth many issues with these particular mean s because of the unforeseen futures of these innocent children. Throughout the years the number of children that have been harmfully touched or talked to in a damaging way has increased drastically. Willis and Levy stated in an article that, â€Å"an estimated 1 million children are forced into prostitution every year and the total number of prostituted children could be as high as 10 million.† (Willis Levy 2002) This number is growing each year and we, as Americans, are the only way to fixShow MoreRelatedThe Revolution Of New Orleans1453 Words   |  6 Pagesforty-nine, the whores in fifty-one; and when they got together they produced the native son.† This sheds some light as to how long prostitution has been a part of America. Prostitution dates back to the beginning of colonization in the United States, but wasn’t considered a legal act. At the time the laws just didn’t acknowledge what a prostitute or the act of prostitution itself was. In 1721, the French government shipped eighty women to the colony of New Orleans that housed seven hundred men to promoteRead MoreSex, Prostitution, And The Production Of Sex Toys Essay1687 Words   |  7 PagesSex work, consisting of prostitution and the production of sex toys, has been implemented in the United States since the 18th century. Through red-light districts, street prostitution, escort or out-call prostitution, brothel prostitution, and child prostitution, prostitution still thrives in the United States despite legality. Sex toys has become increasingly more available on shelves but still primarily stay in the e-commerce realm. Sex work has struggled to stay in the United States becauseRead MoreProstitution Should Be Illegal in Canada Essay1583 Words   |  7 Pagespossibilities of illegal activities inside the world of prostitution. From reading the newspapers to hearing it on the television, we know nothing good ever comes out of prostitution because of the exposure to the risky businesses and dangerous people. Prostitutes engages in a number of dangerous harmful activities such as taking drugs, rape, emotional and physical abuse, and the worst case scenario is death. In this thesis paper, I’ll be discussing the main points and arguments as to why prostitution shouldRead MoreThe Social Stance Of Prostitution1323 Words   |  6 PagesProstitution is the selling of one’s body in exchange for money, and it is the oldest occupation in the world, beginning in the early society of Mesopotamia (Fanni, 2014). Prostitutes were seen as inhumane and disease ridden since in the early 1980’s, when prostitution was most prevalent, there was an increase of HIV/AIDS because of the transferring of disease from prostitutes to their clients (Carrasquillo, 2014). Although there is such a negative perception of prostitution, it is a source of continuousRead MoreProstitution As A Form Of Sexual Abuse899 Words   |  4 PagesProstitution can have the meaning of, â€Å"engaging in sexual acts or activities for the exchange of money or goods†, this can also be a form of sexual abuse. Prostitution status for the countries shown for the â€Å" number of countries prostitution is illegal: 109, number of countries prostitution is restricted: 11, number of countries prostitution is legal: 77, number of countries with no laws for prostitution: 5.† Prostitution is illegal in all states in the US except for 11 counties in Nevada. The MannRead MoreShould Prostitution Be A Victimless Crime?1506 Words   |  7 PagesThe act of prostitution has been a leading topic of moral and legislative debate for centuries. Sometimes referred to as the ‘world’s oldest profession’ because it dates back to around 2400 B.C., prostitution is the practice of exchanging, selling or trading of sexual acts for payment. Although this service is forbidden amongst the world more often than it is not, the debate of its legalization has remained a heated issue (ProQuest Staff).The legalization of prostitution and whether or not prostitutionRead MoreIs Prostitution A Crime?968 Words   |  4 PagesWhat Is Prostitution? Prostitution is where people engage in a sexual activity with someone else for money. The whole subject of prostitution is full of ambiguities and hypocrisies; we generally think of the transfer of money as the element that makes prostitution a crime although money plays a subtle part in all sorts of sexual relationships. We define prostitution as systematic sexual violence and oppression against women and girls. The definition of prostitution includes not only the exchangeRead MoreProstitution And Deviance : Examination Of Theories Amongst Positivist And Constructionist Perspectives Within Society1604 Words   |  7 PagesProstitution and Deviance: Examination of Theories Amongst Positivist and Constructionist Perspectives Within Society Deviance is behavior, beliefs or characteristics that many people in a society find or would find offensive and which excite, upon discovery, disapproval, punishment, condemnation, or hostility (Goode, 2011 p. 3). Most scientists will agree that a person s most basic needs, physiologically, are breathing, food, water, sleep, and sex. If all of these are the most basic to humanRead MoreConsent Is A Vital Part Of Human Socialization1593 Words   |  7 Pagescrime. (Dempsey, 2013) There are two sides to every jail cell, meaning that the question â€Å"Does victimless crime exist?† has contrary answers depending on who’s answering. This paper’s assertion is in support of the present factor of victimhood for an act to be considered a crime. In Crime and Morality by Hans Boutellier, it is explained that â€Å"[Bedau (1974)] wonders whether there really is such a thing as victimless crime. ‘If there are crimes which are truly victimless, for what reason did they becomeRead MoreShould Prostitution Be Legal?1371 Words   |  6 PagesPrositution in the U.S For my paper I chose the topic â€Å"Prostitution In the U.S† I picked this topic because I feel as if there’s a lot to discuss about the subject itself. Prostitution in my eyes, should be illegal in all parts of America. I feel as if the crime itself is degrading not only to women, but the families of those involved that choose to commit these acts. My personal opinion, going more into detail is that I grew up viewing sex as a sacred act between two people that love and care about eachother

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Case Study Of Hypertension Health And Social Care Essay Free Essays

string(177) " Nicholas has now quit smoke Nursing Diagnosis Goals Interventions Rationale Evaluation Fatigue related to the effects of high blood pressure and the day-to-day life stressors\." A 55 twelvemonth old male named Nicholas Manners, is admitted to the ward for direction of his high blood pressure. Upon reaching, he appears rather ruddy in the face. He was referred to the exigency section by his GP as he was kicking of a concern and giddiness. We will write a custom essay sample on Case Study Of Hypertension Health And Social Care Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now He was stabilised and has been transferred to the ward for farther direction. He tells the nurse, he has had a concern for the last three yearss and has had really small slumber. Mr Manners is a Chief executive officer of an advertisement bureau and works long hours. Nicholas has two boies aged 15 A ; 17 and his married woman Lucy, who is really supportive. Lucy tells the nurse that Nick chows on the tally due to his busy agenda and frequently chows at eating houses when entertaining clients. Nick smokes 10-15 cigarettes/day and has had multiple efforts at discontinuing. He has a household history of coronary arteria disease, his male parent died of a bosom onslaught 5 old ages ago at the age of 75. Observations on admittance ; BP 160/90, SaO2 97 % on room air, Temp. 37.1, Pulse 95, RR 19 beats per minute, wt 90 kilogram, ht 170 centimeter, Nil Known Allergies ( Jennings, 2010 ) . Blood force per unit area refers to the measuring of force that is applied to the walls of the arterias as the bosom pumps blood through the organic structure. The force per unit area is determined by the force and the sum of blood pumped, and the size and flexibleness of the arterias. High blood force per unit area, besides known as Hypertension, is considered as above 120/80 mmHg ( PubMed Health, 2011 ) Pathophysiology Arterial blood force per unit area is a merchandise of cardiac end product and systemic vascular opposition. A alteration in the vascular wall thickness affects the elaboration of peripheral vascular opposition in hypertensive patients. This consequences in the contemplation of moving ridges back to the aorta and hence increasing the systolic blood force per unit area ( Medscape, 2011 ) . Although 90 % of high blood pressure instances, the cause is non truly known ( Moser, p.11 ) , harmonizing to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare ( AIHW ) , the causes of high blood force per unit area are both biomedical and lifestyle oriented. Major causes include ; being overweight, dietetic salt consumption, and nutrition forms which involve low consumption of fruit and veggies and an high consumption of saturated fat ( Australian Institue of Health and Welfare,2010 ) . Although most of the clip there are no marks and symptoms, such may happen ; confusion, ear noise or buzzing, wearin ess, concern, irregular pulse, epistaxis, vision alterations. These marks are known as marks of complication or perilously high blood force per unit area called malignant high blood pressure Nursing Appraisal As a patient is admitted to the infirmary, it is critical to execute a nursing appraisal on admittance to garner baseline readings of the patient. The Systems Approach Framework was used to buttockss Mr Nicholas Manners from caput to toe in a mode of subjective and nonsubjective informations. The classs used are as follows ; Central Nervous System, Cardiovascular System, Respiratory System, Gastrointestinal Tract, Renal System, Integumentary System and Metabolic System. CNS – patient is able to communicate-states he has a concern, assess motion of limbs, esthesis to fringes and trouble if any. CVS – HR 95, BP 160/90, assess capillary refill, patient is red in the face – assess circulation of the remainder of the organic structure including warmth and coloring material. RESP. – RR 19 beats per minute, SaO2 97 % on room air, auscultate his chest- listen for abnormalcies in the lungs as he is a tobacco user, measure his work of external respiration. GIT – farther buttocks appetency and eating wonts, auscultate for intestine sounds, buttocks and record intestine direction. RENAL – buttocks input and end product and record observations if needed, utilizing a unstable balance chart. INTEGUMENTARY – buttocks tegument for cicatrixs, waterlessness, integral and skin turgor. METABOLIC – buttocks Hb, BGL and liver map through a blood trial. Education and Psychosocial support Education and support that can be offered to Nicholas to help him in deriving more information and support for his Hypertension include: Dieticians which Nicholas can be referred to during his stay in infirmary, to educate him about a healthy diet and besides supply support. Social worker to supply support for Nicholas and his household if needed. Information brochures can be retreived from the infirmary, to educate Nicholas on Hypertension. Web sites such as Better Health Channel, Hypertension Education Foundation and the Heart Foundation, all provide instruction and information about support for patients about high blood pressure. Nursing Diagnosis Goals Interventions Rationale Evaluation Ineffective wellness care related to incapableness to change life style Short term: Introduce low-sodium and low fat nutrients into Nicholas ‘ diet Refer Nicholas to a dietitian for instruction of low-sodium and low-fat nutrients. To cut down the sum of high-fat nutrients Nicholas is devouring. Nicholas ‘ diet presently consists of less high-fat nutrients. Short term: Aim to cut down blood force per unit area readings to less than 150/80 by the following GP visit in a hebdomad. Teach Nicholas to take Nicholas ain blood force per unit area daily at place and record it. To brace Nicholas ‘ blood force per unit area at a lower degree. Nicholas ‘ blood force per unit area readings have now stabilised to a lower degree. Long term: Develop a regular exercising program for Nicholas to follow. Promote Nicholas to walk for an hr each twenty-four hours. To promote Nicholas to prosecute in a healthy life style. Nicholas participates in an hr of physical activity each twenty-four hours. Long term: Aim to discontinue smoke in the following 8-12 months. Refer Nicholas to back up plans such as ‘QUIT ‘ to back up and help Nicholas in discontinuing smoke. To cut down Nicholas ‘ hazard of holding blocked arterias and therefore increasing Nicholas blood force per unit area Nicholas has now quit smoke Nursing Diagnosis Goals Interventions Rationale Evaluation Fatigue related to the effects of high blood pressure and the day-to-day life stressors. Short term: Aim to command side effects such as weariness. Educate Nicholas on the side effects, to help him in commanding them. To help Nicholas in deriving cognition of the side effects and how to command them in instance they are experienced after discharge. Nicholas is able to command his small if any side effects experienced. Short term: Aim to keep a stable degree of fluids in the organic structure. Ensure Nicholas drinks plentifulness of H2O throughout the twenty-four hours. To maintain Nicholas hydrous and cut down weariness. Record amounts utilizing a unstable balance chart if needed Nicholas ‘ weariness degrees have decreased as he is imbibing plentifulness of H2O throughout the twenty-four hours. Long term: Reduce the emphasis degrees experienced throughout the twenty-four hours. Discuss emphasis cut downing methods applicable to Nicholas. To cut down the hazard of increasing Nicholas ‘ blood force per unit area. Nicholas has reduced his emphasis degrees utilizing the methods discussed Long term: Develop a healthy feeding program to utilize one time Nicholas is discharged Refer Nicholas to a dietician to help in educating him in the importance of a healthy diet and developing a program. To cut down weariness related to an unhealthy diet. Nicholas has continued his healthy feeding program and does non endure from weariness. Nursing Diagnosis Goals Interventions Rationale Evaluation Imbalanced nutrition related to deficient cognition of the relationship between diet and the disease Short term: Brace the instabilities of nutrition Provide Nicholas with a scope of fruits and veggies To supply Nicholas with a assortment of foods from a scope of nutrients. Nicholas ‘ diet now chiefly consists of fruit and veggies Short term: To do Nicholas ‘ cognition on the disease Provide Nicholas with information such as booklets about high blood pressure To guarantee Nicholas has a good cognition of high blood pressure Nicholas is now good educated on his disease Long term: To brace Nicholas ‘ weight within 6-8 months of discharge Refer to dietician to measure and supervise his diet and aid with his weight loss To guarantee Nicholas has the support required to run into his end Nicholas is now within a healthy weight scope for his gender, tallness and age Long term: Derive more cognition on the effects of smoke Educate Nicholas on the effects of smoking to his organic structure To guarantee he is cognizant of the harm smoke is making to his organic structure Nicholas is good informed on the effects of smoke Nursing Diagnosis Goals Interventions Rationale Evaluation Non-compliance related to the side effects of the intervention ( Ackley A ; Ladwig, p.315 ) Short term: Maintain stableness of side effects Monitor Nicholas and supply advice when non following instructions of intervention To guarantee Nicholas ‘ intervention continues on the right way. Nicholas ‘ side effects have decreased. Short term: Long term: Long term: Maintain conformity of intervention Educate Nicholas on hazards if intervention non followed as required To guarantee Nicholas ‘ wellness does non deteriorate Nicholas is compliant with his intervention Diagnostic Trials Diagnostic trials that will help with the appraisal and direction of Nicholas include: Electrocardiogram ( ECG ) – This trial determines if the bosom has sustained nay harm due to untreated high blood pressure ( Cardio Connection, n.d ) . This trial assists with the direction of Nicholas ‘ high blood pressure by supplying moving ridges of the electrical current of the bosom. Urinalysis – This trial is used to test the causes of high blood pressure and expression for any harm to the kidneys as a consequence of untreated high blood pressure ( Cardio Connection, n.d ) . The trial assists with the direction to derive information about the wellness of Nicholas ‘ kidneys. Blood Glucose – This trial determines the sugar degrees in the blood and screens for secondary causes of high blood pressure and the hazard factors involved with more accelerated diseases such as diabetes. Both diabetes and high blood pressure are associated with the rapid patterned advance of arterial sclerosis and harm to the kidneys ( Cardio Connection, n.d ) . This assists in keeping a stabile sugar degree of the blood to cut down the hazard of harm to the kidneys. Serum K – This trial looks for a treatable cause of high blood force per unit area and finding the baseline degree prior to utilizing medical specialty for intervention ( Cardio Connection, n.d ) . This assists in finding a baseline to compare to if it were to promote. Hazard Appraisal Upon admittance, a hazard appraisal must be completed to find the patient ‘s hazard of holding a autumn. This appraisal besides assists the nurses in guaranting the patient has their properties or AIDSs within range to guarantee the patient ‘s safety and to diminish their hazard of hurt. The appropriate appraisal tool for Nicholas would be a Falls Risk Assessment Tool ( FRAT ) . This relates to Nicholas as he complained of giddiness and deficiency of slumber. This is needed to measure his hazard of hurt. Mention to Appendix 1 for a Falls Risk Assessment Tool. Medicines Nifedipine – Antihypertensive agent – as stated by Tiziani, 2006 Action: Besides known as Ca adversaries, these agents impede the inflow of Ca ions during depolarization of cardiac and vascular smooth musculus, doing betterment in the myocardial O supply and cardiac end product, and a decrease in myocardial work by cut downing afterload ( Tiziani, 2006 ) Use: Angina pectoris Mild to chair high blood pressure Nicholas has been prescribed this medicine to help with bracing his blood force per unit area. Interactions: Contraindicated with rifampicin May do bosom failure if used with beta-adrenoceptor-blocking agents Serum concentrations may be increased if given with Tagamet, Quinidex or Cardizem. Excessive cardiovascular depression may happen if given with inspiration anesthetics. Adverse effects: Headache, giddiness, dizziness, flushing, weariness, dizziness. Anorexia, sickness, irregularity, abdominal hurting, dry oral cavity. Muscle spasms. Nursing points/precautions: Note and study thorax hurting because thie requires stoping the drug. Patient should be advised to avoid drive or operating machinery if giddiness or dizziness is a job. Caution if used in those with aortal stricture, bosom failure, liver damage, discrepancy or Prinzmental angina, unstable angina, or recent myocardial infarction. Atorvastatin – lipid-regulating agent – as stated by Tiziani, 2006 Action: Reduce cholesterin significantly in patients with type II lipemia and hence besides significantly cut down the hazard of coronary arteria disease Use: Hypercholesterolaemia Nicholas has been prescribed this medicine to take down the entire cholesterin and low-density lipoproteins ( LDL ) Interactions: May addition plasma concentration of Lanoxin, increasing the hazard of toxicity. Caution if used with Tagamet, Aldactone or ketoconazole. Adverse effects: Headache, insomnia. Constipation, flatulency, abdominal hurting, sickness, diarrhea. Back hurting Nursing points/precautions: Liver map trial should be performed before get downing therapy and at 6 and 2 hebdomads, so twice annually. Advise patient to describe any musculus hurting, spasms, tenderness or failing, unease or febrility. Should be withheld if any status occurs that predisposes the patient to rhabdomyolysis, such as injury, sepsis, uncontrolled epilepsy or metabolic, or endocrinal instabilities. How to cite Case Study Of Hypertension Health And Social Care Essay, Free Case study samples

Monday, May 4, 2020

Hercules Incorporated vs. United States Improper on the Part

Question: 1. A. Would it have been improper for the contractor in this instance to purchase liability insurance and include the cost of such insurance as part of the fixed price contract for Agent Orange? B. Why would a contractor choose to do so?2. A. What is the impact of Congress refusal to grant the Court of Federal Claims (formerly the Claims Court) jurisdiction over implied-in-law contracts? B. What is the policy basis for not doing so? 3. The Court discusses the Spearin Decision, reaffirming it and distinguishing it in interesting ways. When the government awards a contract, it wants the contractor to fulfill the contracts specifications. This decision holds, to oversimplify the matter that the government stands behind those specifications for contract law purposes but not for tort law purposes. A. Why? B. Why would the statutory and administrative authorizations that suffice for the government to have to pay when its specifications result in contractual burdens on the contractor, not s uffice to say that the government should pay tort liability burdens? Answer: 1. Part A No, it would not have been improper on the part of the contractor in this instance to purchase a general liability insurance and add the cost of the same to the Agent Oranges fixed price of the contract. As stated in the Hercules case an agreement which is for indemnification and that which is not open ended such as a liability insurance but has been capped to a certain amount which might have been provided by a private insurer is not improper. Part B The federal employees are barred under the Anti-Deficiency Act (Anti-Deficiency Act, 1987) to enter into contracts that require payments in future of amount in advance of, or more than, an appropriation that is existing 31 U.S.C. 1341. This is an important evidence to the fact that a government officer who was contracting would not be able to provide, in fact, the indemnification that is contractual as has been claimed by Thomson. Thus the contractor may choose to opt for the liability insurance to ensure that he is protected from any kind of liabilities risk that may be imposed on him by any lawsuit or any such similar claims. Thus any claim under the insurance policy the insured would be protected from the same. As mentioned in the Hercules case an agreement which has been capped and one which reflects in the price of contract shall make the Government a type of self-insurer, is within the appropriation in effect since the risk of liabilitys expenditure which would be assumed shall be equal roughly to the premium cost which would be saved by the government by way of self-insuring. Thus a contractor who is aware of risks that can arise potentially as much as the government is aware of such risk would be able to sense the trouble that may arise and obtained likely from the government a payment of the premium that is sufficient. 2. Part A The Claims Court was created by the Congress to permit limited and special cases class for proceeding against the United States (Tennessee v. Sneed,, 1878) and the cognizance for only those claims can be taken by the court why by terms of Congress some act have been committed to it. It is the requirement of the Tucker Act (Tucker Act Shuffle Relief Act of 1997, 1998) that needs to be complied with for a suit to be founded on which states that it is only in implied contract that a suit can be brought against the government. The consequence of this is that there is no action that can be brought in cases that are similar to the Hercules case since the recovery in the contract is implied in law and not in fact. Part B The policy basis for this is that for the Court of Claims to have jurisdiction the demand which has been sued on needs to be founded between the parties on a convention meaning thereby there should have been a meeting of the mind (Hercules, Inc. v. United States, 1996). It is only in contracts that are either implied or express in the fact that this jurisdiction shall extend to and not the contract claims which are implied in law (Sutton v. United States,, 1921); (Merritt v. United States, 1925) (United States v. Mitchell, 1983). It is vide the Tucker Act that the jurisdiction has been conferred upon the court for determining and hearing, the claim that made against the United States and are founded by contract that is implied or express with the United States ( 28 U.S.C. 1491(a)). 3. Part A Neither the Spearin decision (United States v. Spearin, 1918) nor the warranty extends as far as tort law. When specifications have been provided by the government directing the manner in which the performance of the contract is to be carried out, then it is warranted by the government that the performance by the contractor of the contract would be satisfactory if the specifications are followed by it. The performance will not be frustrated or made impossible due to the specifications. However, this circumstance is not sufficient to infer further that it is beyond performance that this warranty exceeds to the claims by the third party against the contractor. Therefore in the Hercules case, it would seem strange to arrive at the conclusion that even after understanding the military use of the herbicide there was contemplation by the United States for the warranty to be extended to third party claims or tort claims against the contractor. The avoidance of such is more likely since the contractor would be provided through reimbursement of the contract what through tort law has been denied to him. Part B It would not suffice to say that the government has to pay other than the burden on the contractor due to the specifications tort liabilities as well in light of the Doctrine of Feres. This doctrine provides immunity to the government from tort suits of armed services personnel. The government contractor who had been sued by the armed personnel could not, in turn, sue the government for the injury that has been caused as it would circumvent the indemnity that the Feres doctrine provides the government. References Anti-Deficiency Act. (1987). Washington, D.C. Hercules, Inc. v. United States, 516 U.S. at 424 (1996). Merritt v. United States, 267 U.S. 338, 341, 45 S.Ct. 278, 279, 69 L.Ed. 643 (1925). Sutton v. United States, 256 U.S. 575, 581, 41 S.Ct. 563, 565-566, 65 L.Ed. 1099 (1921). Tennessee v. Sneed, 96 U.S. 69, 75, 24 L.Ed. 610 (1878). Tucker Act Shuffle Relief Act of 1997. (1998). [Washington, D.C.]. United States v. Mitchell, 463 U.S. 206, 218, 103 S.Ct. 2961, 2968-2969, 77 L.Ed.2d 580 (1983). United States v. Spearin, 248 U.S. 132, 39 S.Ct. 59, 63 L.Ed. 166 (1918).